Landscapes and Livelihoods

Hard times for Agriculture amid covid-19

This study examined the impact of COVID-19 on the Chinese agricultural economy and the corresponding emergency measures on all farming industry facets. It revealed the impact of the pandemic on the agricultural sector of the Chinese economy. The web crawler technology and text mining methods used in this study could be applied to other similar epidemics in other countries. The conclusions drawn from the strategies and objectives provide valuable and applicable input for policymakers [9]. Given that the virus continues to spread, this study’s results have significant implications for other countries to take similar action.

The impact of COVID-19 on the agricultural sector Agriculture provides income for more than 1 billion people worldwide. It is the backbone of many developing countries. Agricultural production is a long process of plant breeding, harvesting and shipping, which requires work at various stages. Preventive measures to contain the pandemic may hinder the production and distribution of agricultural products.

According to their supply and demand chains, we assess the potential disruption of COvid-19 in developing countries in the areas of food security and agriculture, import and export activities, and various throttling points. Due to quantitative data gaps about food security indicators and considered pandemic time series, the authors are obliged to reduce the quantitative analysis scope.

Covid – The last nail on the coffin

The destructive effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the US agricultural system were wide-ranging and varied. These effects follow several years of proven production and market conditions for US farmers. In 2017 and 2018, several hurricanes hit US farms, and 2019 brought poor growing conditions and retaliatory tariffs that reduced our agricultural exports’ potential compared to 2017.

While the COVID 19 pandemic has affected the world, the other challenges facing rural populations around the world have not disappeared. Climate and environmental shocks continue to threaten food supplies and livelihoods. The number of people living in extreme poverty is expected to rise this year for the first time in two decades. This makes a recovery from the pandemic even more precarious. As we reflect on the coming year, let us look back at how IFAD and rural communities reacted to the coronavirus pandemic and what we can learn from the coming year.

The impact of COVID-19 has shown us that resilience at the local level is vital in times of crisis. As supply chains are fragmented and disrupted, the ability to rely on local natural resources for food, water, and energy becomes indispensable. It is clear that rural development is the solution to a post-COVID era that is more environmentally friendly.

Small-scale farmers can help build resilient food systems in a post–COVID-19  world

The most vulnerable ones

The country’s stark inequalities require action to improve vulnerable rural communities’ resilience to current and future shocks. Local governments have called for a better flow of information on the situation in neighbouring regions and major cities in order to prepare responses to health care and learn from other rural areas. Governments should prepare to seize opportunities in the short term in response to the COVID 19 crisis by focusing on emergency measures. So to improve access to health care and maintain essential services in rural areas. These measures should shed light on the high vulnerability of rural communities.

Our experience with avian influenza shows that cross-sectoral, coordinated investment in human, environmental and animal health through a one-health approach is the most cost-effective way to manage risks and control disease sources. We are determined to help countries prevent the next zoonosis from turning into a pandemic by preparing for the risks that may arise. We support and help hard-hit farmers and rural communities control swarms of locusts in the desert to withstand the twin crises of COVID-19 and locusts. Money in people’s pockets and equipment in the hands of farmers to recover, including money transfers, seed and feed packages and other social safety nets.

The rapid spread of COVID-19 at home and the subsequent closure of parts of the economy led to unprecedented simultaneous supply and demand shocks to the food system. The payments were introduced to help farmers adjust to market disruptions caused by retaliatory tariffs imposed by China and other countries on US agricultural exports and weather-induced and prevented plantings on an unprecedented scale in 2019.

The pandemic came to shed light to some existing problems

The outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic and the resulting economic crisis have exposed the vulnerabilities of rural communities. COVID-19 has hit rural America hard for various reasons, including the closure of rural hospitals in recent years, deep poverty, and failure to protect vulnerable food-chain workers from infection, to name just a few. The employment gap is linked to a shrinking and ageing rural population. The unemployment gap has widened in recent years.

Women farmworkers, who make up 43% of the agricultural workforce in developing countries, are disproportionately represented in unpaid, low-paid, seasonal, and part-time jobs. They are less entitled to unemployment benefits if they lose their livelihood as a result of lockouts. Female farmworkers are also underrepresented more often than ever in unpaid and low-paid seasonal and part-time jobs. Out of 39.3 million, poor rural women in the world.

South Asia and Africa make up the majority of the women who have no access to mobile phones and Internet connections and rely on personal networks for information. While governments enforce closures and switch to digital platforms to disseminate information about the pandemic, less is available to support abandoned rural women. Regardless of their social status, informal workers were left without social protection measures such as money transfers introduced in response to the coronavirus pandemic.

COVID-19: Protecting workers: Sectoral impact: Agriculture and food  security crucial to COVID-19 recovery

We are still adapting to the changes

The pandemic was accompanied by unpredictable weather, volatile commodity prices, and uncontrollable external pressures on farmers. Many farmers and farmworkers are meeting these challenges by abusing substances such as alcohol. The rural areas are densely populated and “like fish bowls for the people who live in them,” Shogren said.

We encourage owners, management and agents to adhere to state and local guidelines to reduce the spread of COVID-19. The government should take appropriate precautions, including the closure of playgrounds, remote work by on-site staff, and unnecessary maintenance delay. They should not deny tenants access to essential community facilities such as laundry rooms.

For example, if access changes, management should introduce laundry time reporting requirements, maintain social distance, and provide disinfectant wipes and clean washing machines.

Planning for climate-smart agricultural landscapes: The case of Kenya’s Kericho-Mau landscape

Climate smart agricultural practices are a critical pathway to climate change adaptation in developing countries. However, Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) is usually implemented at the field and farm level, with little efforts at coordination between different scales. EcoAgriculture Partners and the Rainforest Alliance are working to assess climate smart agricultural practices at the landscape level to better understand existing activity and major gaps in CSA implementation.

To what extent can landscape-level assessments help to align disparate actors and finance sources to develop climate smart landscapes? What are the knowledge gaps that must be overcome to populate a landscape-level assessment with the necessary data? What would a climate smart landscape actually look like, and how would it operate in practice? Share your views – join the discussion at the bottom of this page!

Synopsis: Rainforest Alliance and EcoAgriculture πορνο Partners will present a participatory assessment tool developed to help align disparate actors and finance sources to translate climate-smart landscape concepts to reality in rural landscapes around the world. Piloting the tool within the tea-dominated Kericho-Mau landscape in western Kenya demonstrated its utility in assessing current climate-smart activities and identifying gaps and future priorities for action.

Urban-centric economic models, like globalized debt-based, limited liability law enabled capitalism, with it’s inherent specialization of labor, is, systemically, an anamatha to such yielding an outcome that is sustainable. History teaches us that every human society “succeeding” in this “accomplishment” fails. I’ll not argue that what I read above is LessStupid than what’s the norm and has gifted us with anthropogenic climate change and klimakatastrophe, but isn’t it delusional to call being LessStupid “smart”? Remember Forst Gump’s Mama: “Stupid is what stupid does.” How about calling chaturbate it CLSA?

being born at the slopes of mau forest,i have seen its slow death as careless people cut down trees and burn the remainder, as the government watch.i have also experienced the outcome of the above through changes in climate,the drying up and death of the ecosystem of

lake nakuru and lake elementaita respectively.the only solution is to reclaim the forest back ,fence it and deploy serious forest management.

Ideas Marketplace

Join us at the Ideas Marketplace – a unique opportunity to learn about the concrete work that is underway to address climate change in agriculture. The marketplace highlights new ideas, practices and technologies to a large audience live and online.

Photo: Iddy Farmer/CIFOR Using degraded land for sustainable palm oil
World Resources Institute
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The presentation will look at how decision support tools can be developed to help
evaluate current land use impacts, and the potential of degraded lands as alternatives for expansion to ensure that future agricultural developments do not damage forests or contribute to climate change

Photo: J. Hansen (CCAFS)Strengthening evidence-based climate change adaptation policies
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
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The presentation will look at how the current policy evidence gap at national and subnational level can be addressed through a multidisciplinary approach to climate change research – integrating environmental, social and economic analysis. It will demonstrate how evidence can be generate and then leveraged to assist in the development of adaptation policies at national level.

Improving local livelihoods through REDD+ in the Kalimantan forests and climate partnership
Indonesia-Australia Forest Carbon Partnership
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The presentation will focus on how the creation of sustainable rubber-based livelihoods program in Indonesia can help local communities through REDD+. Through focused efforts to improve farming practices, build stronger value chains and through village forest management schemes, the Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership is demonstrating that positive changes in land use practices can create sustainable livelihoods and protect carbon-rich areas.

Photo: Murdani Usman (CIFOR)Changing outlooks on food, fuel, fiber and forests
The Forests Dialogue
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For the world to feed its growing populations, without destroying or overtaxing natural systems, decisions about land use need to be made carefully and with the participation of all key stakeholders. The Forests Dialogue, a platform and process for multi-stakeholder discussion and collaboration, worked with its partners in 2011 to create the “Changing Outlooks on Food, Fuel, Fibre and Forests” Initiative to achieve better, fairer and more sustainable land use decision making.

Photo: N. Palmer (CIAT)Scaling up climate smart agriculture – a farmer-led approach
The Southern African Confederation of Agricultural Unions (SACAU)
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SACAU is working with other Farmers Organisations in Southern Africa to facilitate farmer led scaling up of promising Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) practices. The weaknesses associated with government extension systems mean that farmers organisations and other non-state partners will have to play a more active role in taking CSA to farmers. The presentation will focus on such stakeholders can become more involved.

Photo: F. Fiondella (IRI)Climate services to support farmer decision-making under a changing climate
International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)
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A number of initiatives in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia have developed innovative approaches to overcome the challenges of farmers’ access to and utilization climate information and risk management options in agriculture. National agrometeorological advisory services have been able to reach a significant proportion of their farming population on a sustained basis with combinations of monitored information, short-term weather forecasts and management recommendations. The CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) is supporting studies of agrometeorological advisory services in India and Mali in order to provide evidence of the use and benefits of the information and advisories at the village level, as well as insights about how aspects of the program have contributed to its uptake, impact and sustainability.

Photo: N. Palmer (CIAT)Planning for climate-smart agricultural landscapes: The case of Kenya’s Kericho-Mau landscape
EcoAgriculture Partners & The Rainforest Alliance
Watch the live presentation!

Rainforest Alliance and EcoAgriculture Partners will present a participatory assessment tool developed to help align disparate actors and finance sources to translate climate-smart landscape concepts to reality in rural landscapes around the world. Piloting the tool within the tea-dominated Kericho-Mau landscape in western Kenya demonstrated its utility in assessing current climate-smart activities and identifying gaps and future priorities for action.

Photo: CIFORBamboo household energy for Africa
International Network for Bamboo and Rattan (INBAR)
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The presentation will focus on how the use of bamboo can help support sustainable livelihoods and food security through renewable biomass. It will highlight how the introduction of bamboo charcoal offers innovative opportunities for Africa’s deforestation and climate change challenges

Photo: N. Palmer (CIAT)Establish a smallholder-centered global organic research platform
International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements
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IFOAM will present on a research platform to help scale up low-cost, farmer centered solutions for resilient land and livelihoods.

Frustration present at Agriculture, Landscapes and Livelihoods Day

Moderator Linidiwe Sibanda expressed her frustration on agriculture not being considered vital enough for a work program at multiple times at the Agriculture, Landscapes and Livelihoods Day 5. The ALL5 Day was recently held in Qatar, in parallel with the climate conference COP18, gathering hundreds of participants, both online and on site.

She declared passionately that the mantra “No agriculture, No deal!” is still very much on. “Are we waiting for COP100? We need progress on issues that matter to people, ” she told the high-level panel members on the stage.

Read the rest of the story on the Farming First blog: Voice of Agriculture at ALL5 Day: “UNFCCC negotiators, do you hear us? No agriculture, No deal!”