This study examined the impact of COVID-19 on the Chinese agricultural economy and the corresponding emergency measures on all farming industry facets. It revealed the impact of the pandemic on the agricultural sector of the Chinese economy. The web crawler technology and text mining methods used in this study could be applied to other similar epidemics in other countries. The conclusions drawn from the strategies and objectives provide valuable and applicable input for policymakers . Given that the virus continues to spread, this study’s results have significant implications for other countries to take similar action.
The impact of COVID-19 on the agricultural sector Agriculture provides income for more than 1 billion people worldwide. It is the backbone of many developing countries. Agricultural production is a long process of plant breeding, harvesting and shipping, which requires work at various stages. Preventive measures to contain the pandemic may hinder the production and distribution of agricultural products.
According to their supply and demand chains, we assess the potential disruption of COvid-19 in developing countries in the areas of food security and agriculture, import and export activities, and various throttling points. Due to quantitative data gaps about food security indicators and considered pandemic time series, the authors are obliged to reduce the quantitative analysis scope.
Covid – The last nail on the coffin
The destructive effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the US agricultural system were wide-ranging and varied. These effects follow several years of proven production and market conditions for US farmers. In 2017 and 2018, several hurricanes hit US farms, and 2019 brought poor growing conditions and retaliatory tariffs that reduced our agricultural exports’ potential compared to 2017.
While the COVID 19 pandemic has affected the world, the other challenges facing rural populations around the world have not disappeared. Climate and environmental shocks continue to threaten food supplies and livelihoods. The number of people living in extreme poverty is expected to rise this year for the first time in two decades. This makes a recovery from the pandemic even more precarious. As we reflect on the coming year, let us look back at how IFAD and rural communities reacted to the coronavirus pandemic and what we can learn from the coming year.
The impact of COVID-19 has shown us that resilience at the local level is vital in times of crisis. As supply chains are fragmented and disrupted, the ability to rely on local natural resources for food, water, and energy becomes indispensable. It is clear that rural development is the solution to a post-COVID era that is more environmentally friendly.
The most vulnerable ones
The country’s stark inequalities require action to improve vulnerable rural communities’ resilience to current and future shocks. Local governments have called for a better flow of information on the situation in neighbouring regions and major cities in order to prepare responses to health care and learn from other rural areas. Governments should prepare to seize opportunities in the short term in response to the COVID 19 crisis by focusing on emergency measures. So to improve access to health care and maintain essential services in rural areas. These measures should shed light on the high vulnerability of rural communities.
Our experience with avian influenza shows that cross-sectoral, coordinated investment in human, environmental and animal health through a one-health approach is the most cost-effective way to manage risks and control disease sources. We are determined to help countries prevent the next zoonosis from turning into a pandemic by preparing for the risks that may arise. We support and help hard-hit farmers and rural communities control swarms of locusts in the desert to withstand the twin crises of COVID-19 and locusts. Money in people’s pockets and equipment in the hands of farmers to recover, including money transfers, seed and feed packages and other social safety nets.
The rapid spread of COVID-19 at home and the subsequent closure of parts of the economy led to unprecedented simultaneous supply and demand shocks to the food system. The payments were introduced to help farmers adjust to market disruptions caused by retaliatory tariffs imposed by China and other countries on US agricultural exports and weather-induced and prevented plantings on an unprecedented scale in 2019.
The pandemic came to shed light to some existing problems
The outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic and the resulting economic crisis have exposed the vulnerabilities of rural communities. COVID-19 has hit rural America hard for various reasons, including the closure of rural hospitals in recent years, deep poverty, and failure to protect vulnerable food-chain workers from infection, to name just a few. The employment gap is linked to a shrinking and ageing rural population. The unemployment gap has widened in recent years.
Women farmworkers, who make up 43% of the agricultural workforce in developing countries, are disproportionately represented in unpaid, low-paid, seasonal, and part-time jobs. They are less entitled to unemployment benefits if they lose their livelihood as a result of lockouts. Female farmworkers are also underrepresented more often than ever in unpaid and low-paid seasonal and part-time jobs. Out of 39.3 million, poor rural women in the world.
South Asia and Africa make up the majority of the women who have no access to mobile phones and Internet connections and rely on personal networks for information. While governments enforce closures and switch to digital platforms to disseminate information about the pandemic, less is available to support abandoned rural women. Regardless of their social status, informal workers were left without social protection measures such as money transfers introduced in response to the coronavirus pandemic.
We are still adapting to the changes
The pandemic was accompanied by unpredictable weather, volatile commodity prices, and uncontrollable external pressures on farmers. Many farmers and farmworkers are meeting these challenges by abusing substances such as alcohol. The rural areas are densely populated and “like fish bowls for the people who live in them,” Shogren said.
We encourage owners, management and agents to adhere to state and local guidelines to reduce the spread of COVID-19. The government should take appropriate precautions, including the closure of playgrounds, remote work by on-site staff, and unnecessary maintenance delay. They should not deny tenants access to essential community facilities such as laundry rooms.
For example, if access changes, management should introduce laundry time reporting requirements, maintain social distance, and provide disinfectant wipes and clean washing machines.